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At GI Labs, our Senior Scientists are proud to have authored numerous academic journal articles, including several based on research conducted at GI Labs.

When suitable, our Senior Scientists are able to author an academic journal article based on clinical research performed at GI Labs and submit it for publication in a peer-reviewed scientific journal.

 

Below, please find a sampling of articles related to our clinical research published in peer-reviewed scientific journals by our Senior Scientisits as well as other experts in clinical nutrition research.



Below is a selection of articles published based on research performed at GI Labs.

publication Research Performed at GI Labs

Steinert RE, Raederstorff D, Wolever TMS. Effect of consuming oat bran mixed in water before a meal on glycemic responses in healthy humans - a pilot study. Nutrients 2016 Aug 26; 8(9). doi: 10.339/nu8090524.

Wolever TMS, van Klinken BJW, Spruill SE, Jenkins AL, Chu YF, Harkness L. Effect of serving size and addition of sugar on the glycemic response elicited by oatmeal: A randomized, cross-over study. Clinical Nutrition ESPEN. in press

Wolever TMS, van Klinken BJW, Bordenave N, Kaczmarczyk M, Jenkins AL, Chu YF, Harkness L. Reformulating cereal bars: high resistant starch reduces in vitro digestibility but not in vivo glucose or insulin response; whey protein reduces glucose but disproportionately increases insulin. Am J Clin Nutr 2016 Oct 104 (4)

Augustin LS, Chiavaroli L, Campbell J, Ezatagha A, Jenkins AL, Esfahani A, Kendall CW. Post-prandial glucose and insulin responses of hummus alone or combined with a carbohydrate food: a dose-response study. Nutr J. 2016 Jan 27;15(1):13.

Padhi EMT, Blewett HJ, Duncan AM, Guzman RP, Hawke A, Seetharaman K, Tsao R, Wolever TMS, Ramdath DD. Whole soy flour incorporated into a muffin and consumed at 2 doses of soy protein does not lower LDL cholesterol in a randomized, double-blind controlled trial of hypercholesterolemic adults. J Nutr 2015, e-pub ahead of print as doi: 10.3945/jn.115.219873.

Kendall CW, West SG, Augustin LS, Esfahani A, Vidgen E, Bashyam B, Sauder KA, Campbell J, Chiavaroli L, Jenkins AL, Jenkins DJ. Acute effects of pistachio consumption on glucose and insulin, satiety hormones and endothelial function in the metabolic syndrome. Eur J Clin Nutr 2014 [Epub ahead of print].

Fernandes J, Wang A, Su W, Rozenbloom SR, Taibi A, Comelli EM, Wolever TMS. Age, dietary fiber, breath methane and fecal short chain fatty acids are interrelated in Archaea-positive humans. J Nutr 2013;143:1269-75.

Wolever TMS, Gibbs AL, Brand-Miller J, Duncan AM, Hart V, Lamarche B, Tosh SM, Duss R. Bioactive oat β-glucan reduces LDL cholesterol in Caucasians and non-Caucasians. Nutr J 2011;10:130.

Kinnear T, Wolever TMS, Murphy AM, Sullivan JA, Liu Q, Bizimungu B. Effect of preparation method on the glycaemic index of novel potato clones. Food & Function 2011:2:438-44.

Regand A, Chowdhury Z, Tosh SM, Wolever TMS, Wood P. The molecular weight, solubility and viscosity of oat beta-glucan affect human glycemic response by modifying starch digestibility. Food Chem 2011;129:297-304.

Jenkins AL, Kacinik V, Lyon M, Wolever TMS. Effect of adding the novel fiber, PGX, to commonly consumed foods on glycemic response, glycemic index and GRIP: a simple and effective strategy for reducing post prandial blood glucose levels - a randomized, controlled trial. Nutr J 2010;9:58.

Jenkins AL, Kacinik V, Lyon MR, Wolever TMS. Reduction of postprandial glycemia by the novel viscous polysaccharide PGX, in a dose-dependent manner, independent of food form. J Am Col Nutr 2010;29:92-98.

Wolever TMS, Tosh SM, Gibbs AL, Brand-Miller J, Duncan AM, Hart V, Lamarche B, Thomson BA, Duss R, Wood PJ. Physicochemical properties of oat β-glucan influence its ability to reduce serum LDL cholesterol in humans: a randomized clinical trial. Am J Clin Nutr 2010;92:723-32.

Tosh SM, Miller S, Brummer Y, Regand A, Deflice C, Duss R, Wolever TMS, Wood PJ. Processing affects physicochemical properties of β-glucan in oat bran cereal. J Agric Food Chem 2010;58:7723-30.

Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, Vuksan V, Campbell J. The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. Eur J Clin Nutr 2009;63:1106-14.

Peterson BP, Ward L, Bastian ED, Jenkins AL, Campbell J, Vuksan V. A whey protein supplement decreases post-prandial glycemia. Nutr J 2009; 8(1):47.

Wolever TMS, Leung J, Vuksan V, Jenkins AL. Day-to-day variation in glycemic response elicited by white bread is not related to variation in satiety in humans. Appetite 2009;52:654-8.

Wolever TMS, Brand-Miller JC, Abernethy J, Astrup A, Atkinson F, Axelsen M, Björck I, Brighenti F, Brown R, Brynes A, Casiraghi MC, Cazaubiel M, Dahlqvist L, Delport E, Denyer GS, Erba D, Frost G, Granfeldt Y, Hampton S, Hart VA, Hätönen KA, Henry CJ, Hertzler S, Hull S, Jerling J, Johnston KL, Lightowler H, Mann N, Morgan L, Panlasigui LN, Pelkman C, Perry T, FH Pfeiffer AFH, Pieters M, Ramdath DD, Ramsingh RT, Robert SD, Robinson C, Sarkkinen E, Scazzina F, DCD Sison, Sloth B, Staniforth J, Tapola N, Valsta LM, Verkooijen I, Weickert MO, Weseler AR, Wilkie P, Zhang J. Measuring the glycemic index of foods: interlaboratory study. Am J Clin Nutr 2008;87(suppl):S247-S57.

Wolever TMS. Effect of blood sampling schedule and method calculating the area under the curve on validity and precision of glycaemic index values. Brit J Nutr 2004;91:295-300.

 

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Below is a selection of articles related to this topic. Please note that this is not an exhaustive literature review.

 

publication Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Kaushik S, Wang JJ, Flood V, Tan JSL, Barclay AW, Wong  TY, Brand-Miller J, Mitchell P.  Dietary glycemic index and the risk of age-related macular degeneration.  Am J Clin Nutr. 2008;88:1104-10.

Chiu CJ, Milton RC, Gensler G, Taylor A.  Association between dietary glycemic index and age-related macular degeneration in nondiabetic participants in the Age-Related Eye Disease Study. Am J Clin Nutr. July 2007; 86 (1): 180-88.

 

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Below is a selection of articles related to this topic. Please note that this is not an exhaustive literature review.

 

publication Appetite and Satiety

Kendall CW, West SG, Augustin LS, Esfahani A, Vidgen E, Bashyam B, Sauder KA, Campbell J, Chiavaroli L, Jenkins AL, Jenkins DJ. Acute effects of pistachio consumption on glucose and insulin, satiety hormones and endothelial function in the metabolic syndrome. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2014 Mar;68(3):370-5.

Vuksan V, Jenkins AL, Dias AG, Lee AS, Jovanovski E, Rogovik AL, Hanna A. Reduction in postprandial glucose excursion and prolongation of satiety: possible explanation of the long-term effects of whole grain Salba. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2010 Apr 64(4): 436-8.

Wolever TMS, Leung J, Vuksan V, Jenkins AL.  Day-to-day variation in glycemic response elicited by white bread is not related to variation in satiety in humans.  Appetite 2009;52:654-8.

Vuksan V, Panahi S, Lyon M, Rogovik A.L., Jenkins A.L., Leiter L. A.,  Viscosity of fiber preloads affects food intake an adolescents. Nutrition, Metabolism & Cardiovascular Diseases. 2009;19,498-503.

Freeland KR, Anderson GH, Wolever TMS.  Acute effects of dietary fibre and glycaemic carbohydrate on appetite and food intake in healthy males.  Appetite 2009;52:58-64.

Vuksan V, Panahi, S, Lyon M, Rogovik A, Jenkins AL, Leiter LA. Viscosity of Fiber Preloads Affects Food Intake in Adolescents. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis, 2008.

Freeland KR, Anderson GH, Wolever TMS.  Acute effects of dietary fibre and glycaemic carbohydrate on appetite and food intake in healthy males.  Appetite.  2008 Aug 7.

Eny KM, Wolever TMS, Fontaine-Bisson B, El-Sohemy A.  Genetic variant in the glucose transporter type 2 is associated with higher intakes of sugars in two distinct populations.  Physiol Genomics.  2008 May 13; 33(3): 355-60.

Samra RA, Wolever TMS, Anderson GH.  Enhanced food intake regulatory responses after a glucose drink in hyperinsulinemic men.  Intl. J Obes.  2007 Aug;31(8):1222-31.

Cardello AV, Schutz HG, Lesher LL, Merrill E. Development and testing of a labeled magnitude scale of perceived satiety. Appetite. 2005 Feb;44(1):1-13..

Young PC, West SA, Ortiz K, Carlson J. A pilot study to determine the feasibility of the low glycemic index diet as a treatment for overweight children in primary care practice. Ambul Pediatr. 2004 Jan-Feb;4(1):28-33.

Ball SD, Keller KR, Moyer-Mileur LJ, Ding YW, Donaldson D, Jackson WD. Prolongation of satiety after low versus moderately high glycemic index meals in obese adolescents. Pediatrics. 2003 Mar;111(3):488-94.

Roberts SB. Glycemic index and satiety. Nutr Clin Care. 2003 Jan-Apr;6(1):20-6. Review.

Ludwig DS. Novel treatments for Obesity. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2003;12 Suppl:S8.

Ludwig DS. Dietary glycemic index and the regulation of body weight. Lipids. 2003 Feb;38(2):117-21. Review.

Warren JM, Henry CJ, Simonite V. Low glycemic index breakfasts and reduced food intake in preadolescent children. Pediatrics. 2003 Nov;112(5):e414.

Pawlak DB, Ebbeling CB, Ludwig DS. Should obese patients be counselled to follow a low-glycaemic index diet? Yes. Obes Rev. 2002 Nov;3(4):235-43. Review.

Brand-Miller JC, Holt SH, Pawlak DB, McMillan J. Glycemic index and obesity. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Jul;76(1):281S-5S. Review.

Spieth LE, Harnish JD, Lenders CM, Raezer LB, Pereira MA, Hangen SJ, Ludwig DS. A low-glycemic index diet in the treatment of pediatric obesity. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2000 Sep;154(9):947-51.

Agus MS, Swain JF, Larson CL, Eckert EA, Ludwig DS. Dietary composition and physiologic adaptations to energy restriction. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 Apr;71(4):901-7.

Ludwig DS. Dietary glycemic index and obesity. J Nutr. 2000 Feb;130(2S Suppl):280S-283S.

Livingstone MB, Robson PJ, Welch RW, Burns AA, Burrows MS, McCormack C. Methodological issues in the assessment of satiety. Scand J Nutr 2000; 44:98-103.

Ludwig DS, Majzoub JA, Al-Zahrani A, Dallal GE, Blanco I, Roberts SB. High glycemic index foods, overeating, and obesity. Pediatrics. 1999 Mar;103(3):E26.

Holt SHA, Brand Miller JC, Petocz P, Farmakalidis E. A satiety index of common foods. Eur J Clin Nutr 1995; 49: 675-690.

Hill AJ, Rogers PJ, Blundell JE. Techniques for the experimental measurement of human eating behaviour and food intake: a practical guide. Int J Obes 1995;19:361-75.

 

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Below is a selection of articles related to this topic. Please note that this is not an exhaustive literature review.

 

publication Body Weight

Sievenpiper JL, de Souza RJ, Mirrahimi A, Yu ME, Carleton AJ, Beyene J, Chiavaroli L, Di Buono M, Jenkins AL, Leiter LA, Wolever TM, Kendall CW, Jenkins DJ. Effect of fructose on body weight in controlled feeding trials: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Intern Med 2012 Feb 21;156(4):291-304.

Ebbeling CB, Swain JF, Feldman HA, Wong WW, Hachey DL, Garcia-Lago E, Ludwig DS. Effects of dietary composition on energy expenditure during weight-loss maintenance. JAMA 2012; 307(24):2627-2634.

Wolever TMS. The glycemic index in the management of obesity.  Endocrinology Rounds 2008;8(2): 1-6.

Razak F, Anand SS, Shannon H, Vuksan V, Davis B, Jacobs R, Teo KK, McQueen M, Yusuf S. Defining obesity cut points in a multiethnic population. Circulation. 2007 Apr 24;115(16):2111-8.

Young PC, West SA, Ortiz K, Carlson J. A pilot study to determine the feasibility of the low glycemic index diet as a treatment for overweight children in primary care practice. Ambul Pediatr. 2004 Jan-Feb;4(1):28-33.

Ball SD, Keller KR, Moyer-Mileur LJ, Ding YW, Donaldson D, Jackson WD. Prolongation of satiety after low versus moderately high glycemic index meals in obese adolescents. Pediatrics. 2003 Mar;111(3):488-94.

Roberts SB. Glycemic index and satiety. Nutr Clin Care. 2003 Jan-Apr;6(1):20-6. Review.

Ludwig DS. Novel treatments for Obesity.Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2003;12 Suppl:S8.

Ludwig DS. Dietary glycemic index and the regulation of body weight. Lipids. 2003 Feb;38(2):117-21.

Warren JM, Henry CJ, Simonite V. Low glycemic index breakfasts and reduced food intake in preadolescent children. Pediatrics. 2003 Nov;112(5):e414.

Pawlak DB, Ebbeling CB, Ludwig DS. Should obese patients be counselled to follow a low-glycaemic index diet? Yes. Obes Rev. 2002 Nov;3(4):235-43.

Brand-Miller JC, Holt SH, Pawlak DB, McMillan J. Glycemic index and obesity. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Jul;76(1):281S-5S.

Spieth LE, Harnish JD, Lenders CM, Raezer LB, Pereira MA, Hangen SJ, Ludwig DS. A low-glycemic index diet in the treatment of pediatric obesity. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2000 Sep;154(9):947-51.

Agus MS, Swain JF, Larson CL, Eckert EA, Ludwig DS. Dietary composition and physiologic adaptations to energy restriction. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 Apr;71(4):901-7.

Ludwig DS. Dietary glycemic index and obesity. J Nutr. 2000 Feb;130(2S Suppl):280S-283S.

Ludwig DS, Majzoub JA, Al-Zahrani A, Dallal GE, Blanco I, Roberts SB. High glycemic index foods, overeating, and obesity. Pediatrics. 1999 Mar;103(3):E26.

 

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Below is a selection of articles related to this topic. Please note that this is not an exhaustive literature review.

 

 Breath Hydrogen and Laxation

Tarini J, Wolever TMS. The fermentable fibre inulin increases serum short-chain fatty acids and reduces free-fatty acids and ghrelin in healthy subjects. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 2010; 35:9-16.

Jenkins DJ, Vuksan V, Kendall CW, Wursch P, Jeffcoat R, Waring S, Mehling CC, Vidgen E, Augustin LS, Wong E. Physiological effects of resistant starches on fecal bulk, short chain fatty acids, blood lipids and glycemic index. J Am Coll Nutr. 1998 Dec;17(6):609-16.

Wolever TM, Vuksan V, Eshuis H, Spadafora P, Peterson RD, Chao ES, Storey ML, Jenkins DJ. Effect of method of administration of psyllium on glycemic response and carbohydrate digestibility. J Am Coll Nutr. 1991 Aug;10(4):364-71.

 

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Below is a selection of articles related to this topic. Please note that this is not an exhaustive literature review.

 

publication Cancer

Michaud DS, Fuchs CS, Liu S, Willett WC, Colditz GA, Giovannucci E. Dietary glycemic load, carbohydrate, sugar, and colorectal cancer risk in men and women. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2005 Jan;14(1):138-47.

Franceschi S, Dal Maso L, Augustin L, Negri E, Parpinel M, Boyle P, Jenkins DJ, La Vecchia C. Dietary glycemic load and colorectal cancer risk. Ann Oncol. 2001 Feb;12(2):173-8.

Bruce WR, Wolever TM, Giacca A. Mechanisms linking diet and colorectal cancer: the possible role of insulin resistance. Nutr Cancer. 2000;37(1):19-26. Review.

 

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Below is a selection of articles related to this topic. Please note that this is not an exhaustive literature review.

 

publication Cardiovascular Disease

Jayalath VH, de Souza RJ, Ha V, Mirrahimi A, Blanco-Mejia S, Di Buono M, Jenkins AL, Leiter LA, Wolever TM, Beyene J, Kendall CW, Jenkins DJ, Sievenpiper JL. Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and incident hypertension: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohorts. Am J Clin Nutr 2015;102:914-21.

Tran S, Wolever TMS, Errett LE, Ahn H, Mazer D, Keith M. Preoperative carbohydrate loading in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass or spinal surgery. Anesth Analg 2013 epub ahead of print

Mucalo I, Jovanovski E, Rahelić D, Božikov V, Romić Z, Vuksan V. Effect of American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.) on arterial stiffness in subjects with type-2 diabetes and concomitant hypertension. J Ethnopharmacol. 2013 Oct 28;150(1):148-53.

Jayalath VH, de Souza RJ, Sievenpiper JL, Ha V, Chiavaroli L, Mirrahimi A, Di Buono M, Bernstein AM, Leiter LA, Kris-Etherton PM, Vuksan V, Beyene J, Kendall CW, Jenkins DJ. Effect of Dietary Pulses on Blood Pressure: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Controlled Feeding Trials. Am J Hypertens. 2013 Sep 7. [Epub ahead of print]

Ha V, Sievenpiper JL, de Souza RJ, Chiavaroli L, Wang DD, Cozma AI, Mirrahimi A, Yu ME, Carleton AJ, Dibuono M, Jenkins AL, Leiter LA, Wolever TMS, Beyene J, Kendall CWC, Jenkins DJA. Effect of fructose on blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled feeding trials. Hypertension 2012;59(4): 787-95.

Vuksan V, Rogovik A, Jenkins A, Peeva V, Beljan-Zdravkovic U, Stavro M, Fairgrieve C, Devanesen S, Hanna A, Watson W. Cardiovascular risk factors, diet and lifestyle among European, South Asian and Chinese adolescents in Canada. Paediatr Child Health. 2012 Jan;17(1):e1-6.

Wolever TMS, Tosh SM, Gibbs AL, Brand-Miller J, Duncan AM, HArt V, Lamarche B, Thomson BA, Duss R, Wood PJ. Physicochemical properties of oat beta-glucan influence its ability to reduce serum LDL cholesterol in humans: a randomized clinical trial. Am J Clin Nutr 2010.

Jovanovski E, Jenkins A, Dias AG, Peeva V, Sievenpiper J, Arnason JT, Rahelic D, Josse RG, Vuksan V. Effects of Korean Red Ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Mayer) and its isolated ginsenosides and polysaccharides on arterial stiffness in healthy individuals. Am J Hypertens. 2010 May;23(5):469-72.

Tully V, Wolever TMS, Darling P, Errett L, Keith ME.  Pre-operative modification of dietary glycemic index improves pre but not post-operative indices of insulin resistance in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery.  J Am Coll Nutr.  2008 Feb; 27(1): 168-76.

Merchant AT, Kelemen LE, de Koning L, Lonn E, Vuksan V, Jacobs R, Davis B, Teo KK, Yusuf S, Anand SS; for the SHARE and SHARE-AP investigators. Interrelation of saturated fat, trans fat, alcohol intake, and subclinical atherosclerosis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Jan; 87(1):168-74.  

Fontaine-Bisson B, Wolever TMS, Chiasson JL, Rabasa-Lhoret R, Maheux P, Josse RG, Leiter LA, Rodger NW, Ryan EA, Connelly PW, Corey PN, El-Sohemy A.  Genetic polymorphisms of tumor necrosis factor-alpha modify the association between dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids and fasting HDL-cholesterol and apo A-I concentrations. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Sep; 86(3):768-74.

Vuksan V, Whitham D, Sievenpiper JL, Jenkins AL, Rogovik AL, Bazinet RP, Vidgen E, Hanna A. Supplementation of Conventional Therapy with the Novel Grain Salba (Salvia hispanica L.) Improves Major and Emerging Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Type 2 Diabetes: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial. Diabetes Care. 2007;30(11):2804-10.

Anand SS, Razak F, Davis AD, Jacobs R, Vuksan V, Teo K, Yusuf S. Social disadvantage and cardiovascular disease: development of an index and analysis of age, sex, and ethnicity effects. Int J Epidemioll. 2006 Oct;35(5):1239-45.

P. Mark Stavro; Minna Woo; Tibor F. Heim., John L. Sievenpiper; Lawrence A. Leiter, Vladimir Vuksan. Long-term Intake of North American Ginseng is Associated with a Neutral Effect on 24-Hour Blood Pressure and Renal Function.  A Randomized, Controlled, Trial in Hypertensive Individuals, Hypertension, 2006, 47: 791-6.

Leeds AR. Glycemic index and heart disease. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Jul;76(1):286S-9S.

Liu S, Manson JE, Buring JE, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, Ridker PM. Relation between a diet with a high glycemic load and plasma concentrations of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in middle-aged women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Mar;75(3):492-8.

Dumesnil JG, Turgeon J, Tremblay A, Poirier P, Gilbert M, Gagnon L, St-Pierre S, Garneau C, Lemieux I, Pascot A, Bergeron J, Despres JP. Effect of a low-glycaemic index--low-fat--high protein diet on the atherogenic metabolic risk profile of abdominally obese men. Br J Nutr. 2001 Nov;86(5):557-68.

Liu S, Manson JE, Stampfer MJ, Holmes MD, Hu FB, Hankinson SE, Willett WC. Dietary glycemic load assessed by food-frequency questionnaire in relation to plasma high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol and fasting plasma triacylglycerols in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2001 Mar;73(3):560-6.

Ford ES, Liu S. Glycemic index and serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration among us adults. Arch Intern Med. 2001 Feb 26;161(4):572-6.

Liu S, Willett WC, Stampfer MJ, Hu FB, Franz M, Sampson L, Hennekens CH, Manson JE. A prospective study of dietary glycemic load, carbohydrate intake, and risk of coronary heart disease in US women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 Jun;71(6):1455-61.

Frost G, Leeds AA, Dore CJ, Madeiros S, Brading S, Dornhorst A. Glycaemic index as a determinant of serum HDL-cholesterol concentration. Lancet. 1999 Mar 27;353(9158):1045-8.

 

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Below is a selection of articles related to this topic. Please note that this is not an exhaustive literature review.

 

publication Chronic Conditions

Brand-Miller JC. Glycemic load and chronic disease. Nutr Rev. 2003 May;61(5 Pt 2):S49-55.

Augustin LS, Franceschi S, Jenkins DJ, Kendall CW, La Vecchia C. Glycemic index in chronic disease: a review. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002 Nov;56(11):1049-71.

 

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Below is a selection of articles related to this topic. Please note that this is not an exhaustive literature review.

 

publication Diabetes

Wolever TMS, Gibbs AL, Chiasson J-L, Connelly PW, Josse RG, Leiter LA, Maheux P, Rabasa-Lhoret R, Rodger NW, Ryan EA. Altering source or amount of dietary carbohydrate has acute and chronic effects on postprandial glucose and triglycerides in type 2 diabetes: Canadian trial of Carbohydrates in Diabetes (CCD). Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2013;23:227-34.

Cozma AI, Sievenpiper JL, de Souza RJ, Chiavaroli L, Ha V, Wang DD, Mirrahimi A, Yu ME, Carleton AJ, Di Buono M, Jenkins AL, Leiter LA, Wolever TM, Beyene J, Kendall CW, Jenkins DJ. Effect of fructose on glycemic control in diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled feeding trials. Diabetes Care 2012 Jul; 35(7): 1611-20.

Sievenpiper JL, Chiavaroli L, de Souza RJ, Mirrahimi A, Cozma AI, Ha V, Wang DD, Yu ME, Carleton AJ, Beyene J, Di Buono M, Jenkins AL, Leiter LA, Wolever TM, Kendall CW, Jenkins DJ. 'Catalytic' doses of fructose may benefit glycaemic control without harming cardiometabolic risk factors: a small meta-analysis of randomised controlled feeding trials. Br J Nutr. 2012 Feb 21:1-6.

Wolever TMS, Gibbs AL, Chiasson J-L, Connelly PW, Josse RG, Leiter LA, Maheux P, Rabasa-Lhoret R, Rodger NW, Ryan EA. Altering source or amount of dietary carbohydrate has acute and chronic effects on postprandial glucose and triglycerides in type 2 diabetes: Canadian trial of Carbohydrates in Diabetes (CCD). Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2012.

Rahelic D, Jenkins A, Bozikov V, Pavic E, Juric K, Fairgrieve C, Romic D, Kokic S, Vuksan V. Glycemic Index in Diabetes. Coll Antropol 2011, 35: 1363-1368.

Rahelić D, Bozikov V, Matić T, Vuksan V. The jubilees of the discovery of insulin & glycemic index: where conventional meets complementary medicine in the management of diabetes mellitus. Coll Antropol. 2011 Dec;35(4):1321-2.

Ley SH, Harris SB, Connelly PW, Mamakeesick M, Gittelsohn J, Wolever TM, Hegele RA, Zinman B, Hanley AJ. Association of apolipoprotein B with incident type 2 diabetes in an aboriginal Canadian population. Clin Chem 2010;56:666-70.

Ley SH, Harris SB, Mamakeesick M, Noon T, Fiddler E, Gittelsohn J, Wolever TMS, Connelly PW, Hegele RA, Zinman B, Hanley AJG.  Metabolic syndrome and its components identify Aboriginal Canadians at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes.  CMAJ 2009;180:617-24.

Wolever TMS, Gibbs AL, Mehling C, Chiasson JL, Connelly PW, Josse RG, Leiter LA, Maheux P, Rabasa-Lhoret R, Rodger NW, Ryan EA.  The Canadian Trial of Carbohydrates in Diabetes (CCD), a 1-y controlled trial of low-glycemic-index dietary carbohydrate in type 2 diabetes: no effect on glycated hemoglobin but reduction in C-reactive protein.  Am J Clin Nutr.  2008 Jan; 87(1): 114-25.

Wolever TMS, Mehling C, Chiasson JL, Josse RG, Leiter LA, Maheux P, Rabasa-Lhoret R, Rodger NW, Ryan EA.  Low glycaemic index diet and disposition index in type 2 diabetes (the Canadian trial of carbohydrates in diabetes): a randomized controlled trial. Diabetologia.  2008 Sep; 51(9): 1607-15.

Vuksan V, Whitham D, Sievenpiper JL, Jenkins AL, Rogovik AL, Bazinet RP, Vidgen E, Hanna A. Supplementation of Conventional Therapy with the Novel Grain Salba (Salvia hispanica L.) Improves Major and Emerging Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Type 2 Diabetes: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial. Diabetes Care. 2007;30(11):2804-10.

Vuksan V, Sung MK, Sievenpiper JL, Stavro PM, Jenkins AL, Di Buono M, Lee KS, Leiter LA, Nam KY, Arnason JT, Choi M, Naeem A. Korean red ginseng (Panax ginseng) improves glucose and insulin regulation in well-controlled, type 2 diabetes: Results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of efficacy and safety. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2008 January 18(1):46-56.

Willett W, Manson J, Liu S. Glycemic index, glycemic load, and risk of type 2 diabetes. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Jul;76(1):274S-80S.

Rizkalla SW, Bellisle F, Slama G. Health benefits of low glycaemic index foods, such as pulses, in diabetic patients and healthy individuals. Br J Nutr. 2002 Dec;88 Suppl 3:S255-62.

Gilbertson HR, Brand-Miller JC, Thorburn AW, Evans S, Chondros P, Werther GA. The effect of flexible low glycemic index dietary advice versus measured carbohydrate exchange diets on glycemic control in children with type 1 diabetes.
Diabetes Care. 2001 Jul;24(7):1137-43.

Buyken AE, Toeller M, Heitkamp G, Karamanos B, Rottiers R, Muggeo M, Fuller JH; EURODIAB IDDM Complications Study Group. Glycemic index in the diet of European outpatients with type 1 diabetes: relations to glycated hemoglobin and serum lipids. Am J Clin Nutr. 2001 Mar;73(3):574-81.

Giacco R, Parillo M, Rivellese AA, Lasorella G, Giacco A, D'Episcopo L, Riccardi G. Long-term dietary treatment with increased amounts of fiber-rich low-glycemic index natural foods improves blood glucose control and reduces the number of hypoglycemic events in type 1 diabetic patients. Diabetes Care. 2000 Oct;23(10):1461-6.

Tsihlias EB, Gibbs AL, McBurney MI, Wolever TM. Comparison of high- and low-glycemic-index breakfast cereals with monounsaturated fat in the long-term dietary management of type 2 diabetes. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 Aug;72(2):439-49.

Salmeron J, Ascherio A, Rimm EB, Colditz GA, Spiegelman D, Jenkins DJ, Stampfer MJ, Wing AL, Willett WC. Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of NIDDM in men.Diabetes Care. 1997 Apr;20(4):545-50.

Salmeron J, Manson JE, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA, Wing AL, Willett WC. Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in women. JAMA. 1997 Feb 12;277(6):472-7.

Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Vuksan V, Jenkins AL, Wong GS, Josse RG. Beneficial effect of low-glycemic index diet in overweight NIDDM subjects. Diabetes Care 1992;15:562-564.

Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Vuksan V, Jenkins AL, Buckley GC, Wong GS, Josse RG. Beneficial effect of low-glycemic index diet in type 2 diabetes. Diab Med 1992;9:451-8.

Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Buckley G, Lam KY, Giudici S, Kalmusky J, Jenkins AL, Patten RL, Bird J, Wong GS, Josse RG. Low glycemic-index starchy foods in the diabetic diet. Am J Clin Nutr 1988;48:248-54.

 

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Below is a selection of articles related to this topic. Please note that this is not an exhaustive literature review.

 

publicationFiber

Jenkins AL, Morgan L, Bishop J, Vuksan V. Randomized Clinical Trial in Healthy Individuals on the Effect of Viscous Fiber Blend on Glucose Tolerance when Incorporated in Capsules or into the Carbohydrate or Fat Component of the Meal. J Am Coll Nutr. 2014;33(5):400-5.

Vuksan V, Jenkins AL, Wolever TMS, Rogovik AL, Fairgrieve CD, Jovanovski E, Leiter L. Viscosity rather than quantity of dietary fibre predicts cholesterol lowering effect in healthy individuals. Br J Nutr. 2011 Nov;106(9):1349-52.

Regand A, Chowdhury Z, Tosh SM, Wolever TMS, Wood P. The molecular weight, solubility and viscosity of oat beta-glucan affect human glycemic response by modifying starch digestibility. Food Chem 2011;129:297-304.

Tarini J, Wolever TMS. The fermentable fibre inulin increases postprandial serum short-chain fatty acids and reduces free-fatty acids and ghrelin in healthy subjects. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 2010;35:9-16.

Tosh SM, Miller S, Brummer Y, Regand A, Deflice C, Duss R, Wolever TMS, Wood PJ. Processing affects physiochecmical properties of beta-glucan in oat bran cereal. J Agric Food Chem. 2010; 58: 7723-30.

Freeland KR, Wilson C, Wolever TMS. Adaptation of colonic fermentation and glucagon-like peptide-1 secretion with increased wheat fibre intake for 1 year in hyperinsulinaemic human subjects. Brit J Nutr. 2010;103:82-90.

Vuksan V, Rogovik AL, Jovanovski E, Jenkins AL. Fiber facts: benefits and recommendations for individuals with type 2 diabetes. Curr Diab Rep. 2009 Oct; 9(5): 405-11.

 

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publicationGI Determination

Wolever TMs, Giddens JL, Sievenpiper JL. Effect of ethnicity on glycaemic index: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutr Diab 2015;5:e170; doi:10.1038/nutd.2015.21.

Wolever, TMS. Glycemic index claims on food labels: review of Health Canada's evaluation. Eur J Clin Nutr 2013; 67: 1229-33.

Jenkins DJ, Willett WC, Astrup A, Augustin LS, Baer-Sinnott S, Barclay AW, Bjorck I, Brand-Miller JC, Brighenti F, Buyken AE, Ceriello A, Kendall CW, La Vecchia C, Livesey G, Liu S, Poli A, Riccardi G, Rizkalla SW, Sievenpiper JL, Trichopoulou A, Wolever TM. Glycaemic index: did Health Canada get it wrong? Position from the International Carbohydrate Quality Consortium (ICQC). Br J Nutr 2014; 111: 380-2.

Aziz A, Dumais L, Barber J. Health Canada's evaluation of the use of glycemic index claims on food labels. Am J Clin Nutr 2013; 98: 269-74.

Wolever TMS. Is glycaemic index (GI) a valid measure of carbohydrate quality? Eur J Clin Nutr 2013;67:522-31.

Lui JL, Lan-Pidhainy X, Brummer Y, Tosh SM, Wood PJ, Wolever TMS.  Effect of blood sampling schedule on the ability to discriminate between postprandial glycemic responses.  Nutrition 2009;25:1064-66.

Wolever TMS, Brand-Miller JC, Abernethy J, Astrup A, Atkinson F, Axelsen M, Bjorck I, Brighenti F, Brown R, Bryne R, Brynes A, Casiraghi MC, Cazaubiel M, Dahlqvist L, Delport E, Denyer GS, Erba D, Frost G, Granfeldt Y, Hampton S, Hart VA, Hatonen KA, Henry CJ, Hertzler S, Hull S, Jerling J, Johnston KL, Lightowler H, Mann N, Morgan L, Panlasigui LN, Pelkman C, Perry T, Pfeiffer AF, Pieters M, Ramdath DD, Ramsingh RT, Robert SD, Robinson C, Sarkkinen E, Scazzina F, Sison DC, Sloth B, Staniforth J, Tapola N, Valsta LM, Verkooijen I, Weickert MO, Weseler AR, Wilkie P, Zhang J.  Measuring the glycemic index of foods: interlaboratory study.  Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Jan;87(1):247S-257S.

Wolever TMS, IP B, Moghaddam E.  Measuring glycaemic responses: duplicate fasting measures of one fasting sample? Br J Nutr. 2006 Nov; 96(5): 799-802.

Wolever TM, AL Gibbs, M Spolar, EV Hitchner and C Heimowitz. Equivalent glycemic load (EGL): a method for quantifying the glycemic responses elicited by low carbohydrate foods. Nutrition & Metabolism 2006, 3:33.

Wolever TM. Effect of blood sampling schedule and method of calculating the area under the curve on validity and precision of glycaemic index values. Br J Nutr. 2004 Feb;91(2):295-301.

Wolever TMS, Vorster HH, Björk I, Brand-Miller J, Brighenti F, Mann JI, Ramdath DD, Granfeldt Y, Holt S, Perry TL, Venter C, Wu, X. Determination of the glycaemic index of foods: interlaboratory study. Eur J Clin Nutr 2003;57:475-82.

Campbell JE, Glowczewski T, Wolever TMS. Controlling subjects' prior diet and activities does not reduce within-subject variation of postprandial glycemic responses to foods. Nutr Res 2003;23:621-29.

Wolever TMS, Nuttall FQ, Lee R, et al. Prediction of the relative blood glucose response of mixed meals using the white bread glycemic index. Diabetes Care 1985;8: 418-28.

Wolever TM, Jenkins DJ, Jenkins AL, Josse RG. The glycemic index: methodology and clinical implications. Am J Clin Nutr. 1991 Nov;54(5):846-54.

Wolever TMS, Nuttall FQ, Lee R, et al. Prediction of the relative blood glucose response of mixed meals using the white bread glycemic index. Diabetes Care 1985;8: 418-28.

Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, Barker HM, Fielden H, Baldwin JM, Bowling AC, Newman HC, Jenkins AL, Goff DV. Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange. Am J Clin Nutr 1981;34:362-366.

 

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Glucose and Insulin Responses

Augustin LS, Chiavaroli L, Campbell J, Ezatagha A, Jenkins AL, Esfahani A, Kendall CW. Post-prandial glucose and insulin responses of hummus alone or combined with a carbohydrate food: a dose-response study. Nutr J. 2016 Jan 27;15(1):13.

Augustin LSA, Kendall CWC, Jenkins DJA, Willett WC, Astrup A, Barclay AW, Björck I, Brand-Miller JC, Brighenti F, Buyken AE, Ceriello A, La Vecchia C, Livesesy G, Liu S, Riccardi G, Rizkalla SW, Sievenpiper JL, Trichopoulou A, Wolever TMS, Baer-Sinnot S, Poli A. Glycemic index, glycemic load and glycemic response: an international scientific consensus summit from the International Carbohydrate Quality Consortium (ICQC). Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2015; 25(9):795-815.

Panahi S, Ezatagha A, Jovanovski E, Jenkins A, Temelli F, Vasanthan T, Vuksan V. Glycemic effect of oat and barley beta-glucan when incorporated into a snack bar: a dose escalation study. J Am Coll Nutr. 2014;33(6):442-9.

Ho H, Lee AS, Jovanovski E, Jenkins AL, DeSouza R, Vuksan V. Effect of whole and ground Salba seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) on postprandial glycemia in healthy volunteers: a randomized controlled, dose response trial. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2013 Jul;67(7):786-8.

Kwong MGY, Wolever TMS, Brummer Y, Tosh SM. Increasing the viscosity of oat β-glucan beverages by reducing solution volume does not reduce glycaemic responses. Brit J Nutr 2013;110:1465-71.

Kochan AM, Wolever TMS, Chetty VT, Anand SS, Gerstein HC, Sharma AM. Glycemic index predicts individual glucose responses after self-selected breakfasts in free-living abdominally obese adults. J Nutr 2012;142:27-32.

DeSouza LR, Jenkins AL, Sievenpiper JL, Jovanovski E, Rahelic D, Vuksan V. Korean red ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) root fractions: differential effects on postprandial glycemia in healthy individuals. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011. Sept 1;137(1):245-50.

Kinnear T, Wolever TMS, Murphy AM, Sullivan JA, Liu Q, Bizimungu B. Effect of preparation method on the glycaemic index of novel potato clones. Food & Function 2011:2:438-44.

Regand A, Chowdhury Z, Tosh SM, Wolever TMS, Wood P. The molecular weight, solubility and viscosity of oat beta-glucan affect human glycemic response by modifying starch digestibility. Food Chem 2011;129:297-304.

Chiu CJ, Liu S, Willett WC, Wolever TM, Brand-Miller JC, Barclay AW, Taylor A. Informing food choices and health outcomes by use of the dietary glycemic index. Nutr Rev 2011;69:231-42.

Lan-Pidhainy X, Wolever TMS. Are the glycemic and insulinemic index values of carbohydrate foods similar in healthy control, hyperinsulinemic and type 2 diabetic patients? Eur J Clin Nutr 2011;65:727-34.

Wolever TMS, Mullan YM. Sugars and fat have different effects on postprandial glucose responses in normal and type 1 diabetic subjects. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2011;21:719-25.

Grant SM, Wolever TMS, O'Connor DL, Nisenbaum R, Josse JG. Effect of a low glycaemic index diet on blood glucose in women with gestational hyperglycaemia. Diab Res Clin Prac 2011;91:15-22.

Lan-Pidhainy X, Wolever TMS. Are the glycemic and insulinemic index values of carbohydrate foods similar in healthy control, hyperinsulinemic and type 2 diabetic patients? Eur J Clin Nutr 2011;65:727-34.

Jenkins AL, Kacinik V, Lyon MR, Wolever TMS. Reduction of postprandial glycemia by the novel viscous polysaccharide PGX, in a dose-dependent manner, independent of food form. J Am Col Nutr 2010;29:92-98.

Mente A, Razak F, Blankenberg S, Vuksan V, Davis AD, Miller R, Teo K, Gerstein H, Sharma AM, Yusuf S, Anand SS. Ethnic variation in adiponectin and leptin levels and their association with adiposity and insulin resistance. Diabetes Care. 2010 Jul;33(7):1629-34.

Jenkins AL, Kacinik V, Lyon M, Wolever TMS. Effect of adding the novel fiber, PGX, to commonly consumed foods on glycemic response, glycemic index and GRIP: a simple and effective strategy for reducing post prandial blood glucose levels - a randomized, controlled trial. Nutr J 2010;9:58.

Jekins AL, Kacinik V, Lyon MR, Wolever TMS. Reduction of postprandial glycemia by a novel viscous polysaccharide in a dose dependent manner, independent of food form. Am Coll Nutr 29;2: 92-98.

Lan-Pidhainy X, Wolever TMS. The hypoglycemic effect of fat and protein is not attenuated by insulin resistance. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;91: 98-105.

Regand A, Tosh SM, Wolever TMS, Wood PJ.  Physicochemical properties of beta-glucan in differently processed oat foods influence glycemic response. J Agric Food Chem 2009;57:8831-8.

Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, Vuksan V, Campbell J. The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects.  Eur J Clin Nutr 2009;63:1106-14.

Jenkins A.L, Jenkins D, Wolever T, Rogovik AL, Jovanovski E, Bozikov V, Rahelic D,  Vuksan V; Comparable Postprandial Glucose Reductions to Viscous Fiber Blend Enriched Biscuits in Healthy and Diabetic Subjects. Croatian Medical Journal, 2008.

de Koning L, Merchant AT, Hegele RA, Xie C, Vuksan V, Teo K, Yusuf S, Anand SS; Study of Health Assessment and Risk in Ethnic Groups investigators; Association of the FABP2 T54 variant with plasma triglycerides and insulin resistance in a multiethnic populationClin Chem. 2008 Oct;54(10):1742-4.

Grysman A, Carlson T, Wolever TMS.  Effects of sucromalt on postprandial responses in human subjects.  Eur J Clin Nutr.  2007 Aug 22.

Dascalu A, Sievenpiper JL, Jenkins AL, Stavro MP, Leiter L, Arnason JT, Vuksan V. Five batches representative of Ontario-grown American ginseng root (Panax quinquefolius L.) produce comparable reductions of postprandial glycemia in healthy individuals. Can J Physiol Pharmacol, 85(9):856-64, 2007.

Panahi S, Ezatagha A, Temelli F, Vasanthan T, Vuksan V., ß-glucan from two sources of oat concentrates affect postprandial glycemia in relation to the level of viscosity. J Am Coll Nutr. 2007 Dec; 26(6):639-44.

Sievenpiper JL, Ezatagha A, Dascalu A, Vuksan V. When a placebo is not a 'placebo': a placebo effect on postprandial glycaemia. Br J Clin Pharmacol. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2007 Oct; 64 (4):546-9.

Moghaddam E, Vogt JA, Wolever TMS.  The effects of fat and protein on glycemic responses in nondiabetic humans vary with waist circumference, fasting plasma insulin, and dietary fiber intake.  J. Nutr. 2006 Oct; 136 (10): 2506-11.

Parcell AC, Drummond MJ, Christopherson ED, Hoyt GL, Cherry JA. Glycemic and insulinemic responses to protein supplements. J Am Diet Assoc. 2004 Dec;104(12):1800-4.

Wolever TM, Campbell JE, Geleva D, Anderson GH. High-fiber cereal reduces postprandial insulin responses in hyperinsulinemic but not normoinsulinemic subjects. Diabetes Care. 2004 June;27(6):1281-5.

Jenkins AL, Jenkins DJA, Zdravkovic U, Wursch P, Vuksan V. Depression of the glycemic index by high levels of beta glucan fiber in two functional foods tested in type 2 diabetes. Eur J Clin Nutr 2002 56(7): 622-628.

Liljeberg EH, Bjorck I. Milk as a supplement to mixed meals may elevate postprandial insulinaemia. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2001 Nov;55(11):994-9.

Indar-Brown K, Noreberg C, Madar Z. Glycemic and insulinemic responses after ingestion of ethnic foods by NIDDM and healthy subjects. Am J Clin Nutr. 1992 Jan;55(1):89-95.

Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Vuksan V, Brighenti F, Cunnane SC, Rao AV, Jenkins AL, Buckley G, Patten R, Singer W, Corey P, Josse RG. Nibbling versus gorging: metabolic advantages of increased meal frequency. N Eng J Med 1989;321:929-934.

 

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publication Memory and Cognitive Performance

Chui MH, Papanikolau Y, Fontaine-Bisson B, Turcotte J, Wolever TMS, El-Sohemy A, Chiasson JL, Rabasa-Lhoret R, Maheux P, Ryan E, Greenwood CE.  The TNF-alpha-238G> a single-nucleotide polymorphism protects against memory decline in older adults with type 2 diabetes.  Behav Neurosci.  2007 Jun; 121 (3): 619-24.

Kaplan RJ, Greenwood CE, Winocur G, Wolever TM. Dietary protein, carbohydrate, and fat enhance memory performance in the healthy elderly. Am J Clin Nutr. 2001 Nov;74(5):687-93.

Kaplan RJ, Greenwood CE, Winocur G, Wolever TM. Cognitive performance is associated with glucose regulation in healthy elderly persons and can be enhanced with glucose and dietary carbohydrates. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 Sep;72(3):825-36.

 

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publication Metabolic Syndrome

Brenner DR, Arora P, Garcia-Bailo B, Wolever TMS, Morrison H, El-Sohemy A, Karmali M, Badawi A. Plasma vitamin D levels and risk of metabolic syndrome in Canadians. Clin Invest Med 2011;34:E377-E384.

Vuksan V, Peeva V, Rogovik A, Beljan-Zdravkovic U, Stavro M, Jenkins A, Dias AG, Devanesen S, Sievenpiper J, Hanna A. The metabolic syndrome in healthy, multiethnic adolescents in Toronto, Ontario: the use of fasting blood glucose as a simple indicator. Can J Cardiol. 2010 Mar;26(3):e128-32.

 

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publication Mood

Goetsch VL, Abel JL, Pope MK. The effects of stress, mood, and coping on blood glucose in NIDDM: a prospective pilot evaluation. Behav Res Ther. 1994 Jun;32(5):503-10.

 

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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Marsh KA, Steinbeck KS, Atkinson FS, Petocz P, Brand-Miller JC. Effect of a low glycemic index copmared with a conventional healthy diet on polycystic ovary syndrome. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010; 92:83-92.

 

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Dr. Thomas Wolever

SELECTED RESEARCH ARTICLES

Augustin LSA, Kendall CWC, Jenkins DJA, Willett WC, Astrup A, Barclay AW, Björck I, Brand-Miller JC, Brighenti F, Buyken AE, Ceriello A, La Vecchia C, Livesesy G, Liu S, Riccardi G, Rizkalla SW, Sievenpiper JL, Trichopoulou A, Wolever TMS, Baer-Sinnot S, Poli A. Glycemic index, glycemic load and glycemic response: an international scientific consensus summit from the International Carbohydrate Quality Consortium (ICQC). Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2015; 25(9):795-815.

Lewis EJ, Radonic PW, Wolever TMS, Wells GD. 21 days of mammalian omega-3 fatty acid supplementation improves aspects of neuromuscular function and performance in male athletes compared to olive oil placebo. J Int Soc Sports Nutr 2015;12:28. doi: 10.1186/s12970-015-0089-4.

Wolever TMs, Giddens JL, Sievenpiper JL. Effect of ethnicity on glycaemic index: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutr Diab 2015;5:e170; doi:10.1038/nutd.2015.21.

Jayalath VH, de Souza RJ, Ha V, Mirrahimi A, Blanco-Mejia S, Di Buono M, Jenkins AL, Leiter LA, Wolever TM, Beyene J, Kendall CW, Jenkins DJ, Sievenpiper JL. Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and incident hypertension: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohorts. Am J Clin Nutr 2015;102:914-21.

Padhi EMT, Blewett HJ, Duncan AM, Guzman RP, Hawke A, Seetharaman K, Tsao R, Wolever TMS, Ramdath DD. Whole soy flour incorporated into a muffin and consumed at 2 doses of soy protein does not lower LDL cholesterol in a randomized, double-blind controlled trial of hypercholesterolemic adults. J Nutr 2015, e-pub ahead of print as doi: 10.3945/jn.115.219873.

Padhi EMT, Ramdath DD, Carson SJ, Hawke A, Blewett HJ, Wolever TMS, Vella D, Seetharaman K, Duizer LM, Duncan AM. Liking of soy flour muffins over time and the impact of a health claim on willingness to consume. Food Res Int 2015;77:491-97.

Priyadarshini M, Thomas A, Reisetter AC, Scholtens DM, Wolever TM, Josefson JL, Layden BT. Maternal short chain fatty acids are associated with metabolic parameters in mothers and newborns. Transl Res 2014;164:153-57.

Fernandes J, Su W, Rahat-Rozenbloom S, Wolever TMS, Comelli E. Adiposity, gut microbiota and faecal short chain fatty acids are linked in adult humans. Nutrition & Diabetes 2014;4:e121; doi:10.1038/nutrd.2014.23.

Rahat-Rozenbloom S, Fernandes J, Gloor G, Wolever TMS. Evidence for greater production of colonic short chain fatty acids in overweight than lean humans. Int J Obesity 2014;38:1525-31.

Jayalath VH, Sievenpiper JL, de Souza RJ, Ha V, Mirrahimi A, Santaren ID, Mejia SB, Di Buono M, Jenkins AL, Leiter LA, Wolever TMS, Beyene J, Kendall CWC, Jenkins DJA. Total fructose intake and risk of hypertension: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohorts. J Am Col Nutr 2014;33:328-39.

Whitehead A, Beck EJ, Tosh S, Wolever TMS. Cholesterol-lowering effects of oat β-glucan: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Clin Nutr 2014;100:1413-21.

Wolever TMS, Sievenpiper JL. Revised food labeling in North America: the blind leading the blind? Eur J Clin Nutr 2014;68:1275-76.

Wolever, TMS. Glycemic index claims on food labels: review of Health Canada's evaluation. Eur J Clin Nutr 2013; 67: 1229-33.

Wolever TMS. Glycemic index claims on food labels: review of Health Canada's evaluation. Eur J Clin Nutr 2013.

Wolever TMS. Is glycaemic index (GI) a valid measure of carbohydrate quality? Eur J Clin Nutr 2013;67:522-31.

Wolever TMS, Gibbs AL, Chiasson J-L, Connelly PW, Josse RG, Leiter LA, Maheux P, Rabasa-Lhoret R, Rodger NW, Ryan EA. Altering source or amount of dietary carbohydrate has acute and chronic effects on postprandial glucose and triglycerides in type 2 diabetes: Canadian trial of Carbohydrates in Diabetes (CCD). Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2013;23:227-34.

Tran S, Wolever TMS, Errett LE, Ahn H, Mazer D, Keith M. Preoperative carbohydrate loading in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass or spinal surgery. Anesth Analg 2013 epub ahead of print

Kwong MGY, Wolever TMS, Brummer Y, Tosh SM. Increasing the viscosity of oat β-glucan beverages by reducing solution volume does not reduce glycaemic responses. Brit J Nutr 2013;110:1465-71.

Fernandes J, Wang A, Su W, Rozenbloom SR, Taibi A, Comelli EM, Wolever TMS. Age, dietary fiber, breath methane and fecal short chain fatty acids are interrelated in Archaea-positive humans. J Nutr 2013;143:1269-75.

Aldughpassi A, Abdel-Aal el-SM, Wolever TMS. Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. J Nutr 2012;142:1666-71.

Ha V, Sievenpiper JL, de Souza RJ, Chiavaroli L, Wang DD, Cozma AI, Mirrahimi A, Yu ME, Carleton AJ, Dibuono M, Jenkins AL, Leiter LA, Wolever TMS, Beyene J, Kendall CWC, Jenkins DJA. Effect of fructose on blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled feeding trials. Hypertension 2012;59: 787-95.

Kochan AM, Wolever TMS, Chetty VT, Anand SS, Gerstein HC, Sharma AM. Glycemic index predicts individual glucose responses after self-selected breakfasts in free-living abdominally obese adults. J Nutr 2012;142:27-32.

Wolever TMS, Gibbs AL, Brand-Miller J, Duncan AM, Hart V, Lamarche B, Tosh SM, Duss R. Bioactive oat β-glucan reduces LDL cholesterol in Caucasians and non-Caucasians. Nutr J 2011;10:130-133.

Brenner DR, Arora P, Garcia-Bailo B, Wolever TMS, Morrison H, El-Sohemy A, Karmali M, Badawi A. Plasma vitamin D levels and risk of metabolic syndrome in Canadians. Clin Invest Med 2011;34:E377-E384.

Kinnear T, Wolever TMS, Murphy AM, Sullivan JA, Liu Q, Bizimungu B. Effect of preparation method on the glycaemic index of novel potato clones. Food & Function 2011:2:438-44.

Regand A, Chowdhury Z, Tosh SM, Wolever TMS, Wood P. The molecular weight, solubility and viscosity of oat beta-glucan affect human glycemic response by modifying starch digestibility. Food Chem 2011;129:297-304.

Chiu CJ, Liu S, Willett WC, Wolever TM, Brand-Miller JC, Barclay AW, Taylor A. Informing food choices and health outcomes by use of the dietary glycemic index. Nutr Rev 2011;69:231-42.

Lan-Pidhainy X, Wolever TMS. Are the glycemic and insulinemic index values of carbohydrate foods similar in healthy control, hyperinsulinemic and type 2 diabetic patients? Eur J Clin Nutr 2011;65:727-34.

Wolever TMS, Mullan YM. Sugars and fat have different effects on postprandial glucose responses in normal and type 1 diabetic subjects. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2011;21:719-25.

Grant SM, Wolever TMS, O'Connor DL, Nisenbaum R, Josse JG. Effect of a low glycaemic index diet on blood glucose in women with gestational hyperglycaemia. Diab Res Clin Prac 2011;91:15-22.

Jenkins AL, Kacinik V, Lyon M, Wolever TMS. Effect of adding the novel fiber, PGX, to commonly consumed foods on glycemic response, glycemic index and GRIP: a simple and effective strategy for reducing post prandial blood glucose levels - a randomized, controlled trial. Nutr J 2010;9:58. 2011.

Jenkins AL, Kacinik V, Lyon MR, Wolever TMS. Reduction of postprandial glycemia by the novel viscous polysaccharide PGX, in a dose-dependent manner, independent of food form. J Am Col Nutr 2010;29:92-98.

Wolever TMS, Tosh SM, Gibbs AL, Brand-Miller J, Duncan AM, Hart V, Lamarche B, Thomson BA, Duss R, Wood PJ. Physicochemical properties of oat β-glucan influence its ability to reduce serum LDL cholesterol in humans: a randomized clinical trial. Am J Clin Nutr 2010;92:723-32.

Ley SH, Harris SB, Connelly PW, Mamakeesick M, Gittelsohn J, Wolever TM, Hegele RA, Zinman B, Hanley AJ. Association of apolipoprotein B with incident type 2 diabetes in an aboriginal Canadian population. Clin Chem 2010;56:666-70.

Tarini J, Wolever TMS. The fermentable fibre inulin increases postprandial serum short-chain fatty acids and reduces free-fatty acids and ghrelin in healthy subjects. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 2010;35:9-16.

Lan-Pidhainy X, Wolever TMS. The hypoglycemic effect of fat and protein is not attenuated by insulin resistance. Am J Clin Nutr 2010;91:98-105.

Wolever TMS, Tosh SM, Gibbs AL, Brand-Miller J, Duncan AM, Hart V, Lamarche B, Thomson BA, Duss R, Wood PJ. Physicochemical properties of oat beta-glucan influence its ability to reduce serum LDL cholesterol in humans: a randomized clinical trial. Am J Clin Nutr 2010; in press.

Tosh SM, Miller S, Brummer Y, Regand A, Deflice C, Duss R, Wolever TMS, Wood PJ. Processing affects physiochecmical properties of beta-glucan in oat bran cereal. J Agric Food Chem. 2010; 58: 7723-30.

Freeland KR, Wilson C, Wolever TMS. Adaptation of colonic fermentation and glucagon-like peptide-1 secretion with increased wheat fibre intake for 1 year in hyperinsulinaemic human subjects. Brit J Nutr. 2010;103:82-90.

Fontaine-Bisson B, Wolever TM, Connelly PW, Corey PN, El-Sohemy A.  NF-kappaB -49Ins/Del ATTG polymorphism modifies the association between dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids and HDL-cholesterol in two distinct populations.  Atherosclerosis 2009;204:465-470.

Eny KM, Wolever TMS, Fontaine-Bisson B, El-Sohemy A.  Genetic variant in the glucose transporter type 2 is associated with higher intakes of sugars in two distinct populations.  Physiol Genomics 2008;33:355-60.

Tully V, Wolever TMS, Darling P, Errett L, Keith ME.  Pre-operative modification of dietary glycemic index improves pre but not post-operative indices of insulin resistance in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery.  J Am Coll Nutr.  2008 Feb; 27(1): 168-76.

Wolever TMS, Mehling C, Chiasson JL, Josse RG, Leiter LA, Maheux P, Rabasa-Lhoret R, Rodger NW, Ryan EA.  Low glycaemic index diet and disposition index in type 2 diabetes (the Canadian trial of carbohydrates in diabetes): a randomized controlled trial.  Diabetologia. 2008 Sep; 51(9): 1607-15. 

Wolever TMS, Gibbs AL, Mehling C, Chiasson JL, Connelly PW, Josse RG, Leiter LA, Maheux P, Rabasa-Lhoret R, Rodger NW, Ryan EA.  The Canadian Trial of Carbohydrates in Diabetes (CCD), a 1-y controlled trial of low-glycemic-index dietary carbohydrate in type 2 diabetes: no effect on glycated hemoglobin but reduction in C-reactive protein.  Am J Clin Nutr.  2008 Jan; 87(1): 114-25.

Freeland KR, Anderson GH, Wolever TMS.  Acute effects of dietary fibre and glycaemic carbohydrate on appetite and food intake in healthy males.  Appetite.  2008 Aug 7.

Eny KM, Wolever TMS, Fontaine-Bisson B, El-Sohemy A.  Genetic variant in the glucose transporter type 2 is associated with higher intakes of sugars in two distinct populations.  Physiol Genomics.  2008 May 13; 33(3): 355-60. 

Wolever TMS, Brand-Miller JC, Abernethy J, Astrup A, Atkinson F, Axelsen M, Bjorck I, Brighenti F, Brown R, Bryne R, Brynes A, Casiraghi MC, Cazaubiel M, Dahlqvist L, Delport E, Denyer GS, Erba D, Frost G, Granfeldt Y, Hampton S, Hart VA, Hatonen KA, Henry CJ, Hertzler S, Hull S, Jerling J, Johnston KL, Lightowler H, Mann N, Morgan L, Panlasigui LN, Pelkman C, Perry T, Pfeiffer AF, Pieters M, Ramdath DD, Ramsingh RT, Robert SD, Robinson C, Sarkkinen E, Scazzina F, Sison DC, Sloth B, Staniforth J, Tapola N, Valsta LM, Verkooijen I, Weickert MO, Weseler AR, Wilkie P, Zhang J.  Measuring the glycemic index of foods: interlaboratory study.  Am J Clin Nutr.  2008 Jan;87(1):247S-257S.

Fontaine-Bisson B, Wolever TMS, Chiasson JL, Rabasa-Lhoret R, Maheux P, Josse RG, Leiter LA, Rodger NW, Ryan EA, Connelly PW, Corey PN, El-Sohemy A.  Genetic polymorphisms of tumor necrosis factor-alpha modify the association between dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids and fasting HDL-cholesterol and apo A-I concentrations.  Am J Clin Nutr.  2007 Sep; 86(3):768-74.

Samra RA, Wolever TMS, Anderson GH.  Enhanced foor intake regulatory responses after a glucose drink in hyperinsulinemic men.  Intl. J Obes.  2007 Aug;31(8):1222-31.

Grysman A, Carlson T, Wolever TMS.  Effects of sucromalt on postprandial responses in human subjects.  Eur J Clin Nutr.  2007 Aug 22.

Wolever TMS, IP B, Moghaddam E.  Measuring glycaemic responses: duplicate fasting measures of one fasting sample? Br J Nutr. 2006 Nov; 96(5): 799-802.

Moghaddam E, Vogt JA, Wolever TMS.  The effects of fat and protein on glycemic responses in nondiabetic humans vary with waist circumference, fasting plasma insulin, and dietary fiber intake.  J. Nutr. 2006 Oct; 136 (10): 2506-11.

Chui MH, Papanikolau Y, Fontaine-Bisson B, Turcotte J, Wolever TMS, El-Sohemy A, Chiasson JL, Rabasa-Lhoret R, Maheux P, Ryan E, Greenwood CE.  The TNF-alpha-238G> a single-nucleotide polymorphism protects against memory decline in older adults with type 2 diabetes.  Behav Neurosci.  2007 Jun; 121 (3): 619-24.

Wolever, TMS, Yang M, Zeng XY, Atkins F, Brand-Miller J. Food glycemic index, as given in Glycemic Index tables, is a significant determinant of glycemic response elicited by composite breakfast meals. Am J of Clin Nutr. 2006 June; 83(6): 1306-1312.

Wolever TM. Effect of blood sampling schedule and method of calculating the area under the curve on validity and precision of glycaemic index values. Br J Nutr. 2004 Feb;91(2):295-301.

Wolever TMS, Vorster HH, Björk I, Brand-Miller J, Brighenti F, Mann JI, Ramdath DD, Granfeldt Y, Holt S, Perry TL, Venter C, Wu, X. Determination of the glycaemic index of foods: interlaboratory study. Eur J Clin Nutr 2003;57:475-82.

Wolf BW, Wolever TM, Lai CS, Bolognesi C, Radmard R, Maharry KS, Garleb KA, Hertzler SR, Firkins JL. Effects of a beverage containing an enzymatically induced-viscosity dietary fiber, with or without fructose, on the postprandial glycemic response to a high glycemic index food in humans. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003 Sep;57(9):1120-7.

Wolever TM, Mehling C. Long-term effect of varying the source or amount of dietary carbohydrate on postprandial plasma glucose, insulin, triacylglycerol, and free fatty acid concentrations in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Mar;77(3):612-21.

Jenkins DJ, Wolever TM, Taylor RH, Barker H, Fielden H, Baldwin JM, Bowling AC, Newman HC, Jenkins AL, Goff DV. Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Jul;76(1):264S-5S.

Wolever TM, Mehling C. High-carbohydrate-low-glycaemic index dietary advice improves glucose disposition index in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. Br J Nutr. 2002 May;87(5):477-87.

Wolever TM, Hamad S, Chiasson JL, Josse RG, Leiter LA, Rodger NW, Ross SA, Ryan EA. Day-to-day consistency in amount and source of carbohydrate associated with improved blood glucose control in type 1 diabetes. J Am Coll Nutr. 1999 Jun;18(3):242-7.

Wolever TM, Chiasson JL, Csima A, Hunt JA, Palmason C, Ross SA, Ryan EA. Variation of postprandial plasma glucose, palatability, and symptoms associated with a standardized mixed test meal versus 75 g oral glucose. Diabetes Care. 1998 Mar;21(3):336-40.

Wolever TM, Bolognesi C. Prediction of glucose and insulin responses of normal subjects after consuming mixed meals varying in energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate and glycemic index. J Nutr. 1996 Nov;126(11):2807-12.

Wolever TM, Jenkins DJ, Vuksan V, Jenkins AL, Wong GS, Josse RG Beneficial effect of low-glycemic index diet in overweight NIDDM subjects. Diabetes Care. 1992 Apr;15(4):562-4.

Wolever TM, Jenkins DJ, Vuksan V, Josse RG, Wong GS, Jenkins AL. Glycemic index of foods in individual subjects. Diabetes Care. 1990 Feb;13(2):126-32.

Wolever TM, Jenkins DJ, Ocana AM, Rao VA, Collier GR. Second-meal effect: low-glycemic-index foods eaten at dinner improve subsequent breakfast glycemic response. Am J Clin Nutr. 1988 Oct;48(4):1041-7.

Jenkins DJ, Wolever TM, Collier GR, Ocana A, Rao AV, Buckley G, Lam Y, Mayer A, Thompson LU. Metabolic effects of a low-glycemic-index diet. Am J Clin Nutr. 1987 Dec;46(6):968-75.

Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, Barker HM, Fielden H, Baldwin JM, Bowling AC, Newman HC, Jenkins AL, Goff DV. Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange. Am J Clin Nutr 1981;34:362-366.

SELECTED REVIEWS

Wolever TMS. The glycemic index in the management of obesity.  Endocrinology Rounds 2008;8(2): 1-6.

Merchant AT, Anand SS, Vuksan V, Jacobs R, Davis B, Teo K, Yusuf S. Protein intake is inversely associated with abdominal obesity in a multi-ethnic population. J Nutr. 2005, 135: (5):1196-201.

Wolever TM. Carbohydrate and the regulation of blood glucose and metabolism. Nutr Rev. 2003 May;61(5 Pt 2):S40-8.

Wolever TM. Dietary carbohydrates and insulin action in humans. Br J Nutri. 2000 Mar;83 Suppl 1:S97-102. Review.

Wolever TM. The glycemic index: flogging a dead horse? Diabetes Care. 1997 Mar;20(3):452-6. Review.

Jenkins DJ, Josse RG, Jenkins AL, Wolever TM, Vuksan V. Implications of altering the rate of carbohydrate absorption from the gastrointestinal tract. Clin Invest Med. 1995 Aug;18(4):296-302. Review.

Wolever TM. The glycemic index. World Rev Nutr Diet. 1990;62:120-85. Review.

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publication Dr. Alexandra Jenkins

SELECTED RESEARCH ARTICLES

Augustin LS, Chiavaroli L, Campbell J, Ezatagha A, Jenkins AL, Esfahani A, Kendall CW. Post-prandial glucose and insulin responses of hummus alone or combined with a carbohydrate food: a dose-response study. Nutr J. 2016 Jan 27;15(1):13.

Jayalath VH, de Souza RJ, Ha V, Mirrahimi A, Blanco-Mejia S, Di Buono M, Jenkins AL, Leiter LA, Wolever TM, Beyene J, Kendall CW, Jenkins DJ, Sievenpiper JL. Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and incident hypertension: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohorts. Am J Clin Nutr. 2015 Oct;102(4):914-21.

Panahi S, Ezatagha A, Jovanovski E, Jenkins A, Temelli F, Vasanthan T, Vuksan V. Glycemic effect of oat and barley beta-glucan when incorporated into a snack bar: a dose escalation study. J Am Coll Nutr. 2014;33(6):442-9.

Jenkins AL, Morgan L, Bishop J, Vuksan V. Randomized Clinical Trial in Healthy Individuals on the Effect of Viscous Fiber Blend on Glucose Tolerance when Incorporated in Capsules or into the Carbohydrate or Fat Component of the Meal. J Am Coll Nutr. 2014;33(5):400-5.

Jovanovski E, Peeva V, Sievenpiper JL, Jenkins AL, Desouza L, Rahelic D, Sung MK, Vuksan V. Modulation of endothelial function by korean red ginseng (panax ginseng c.a. Meyer) and its components in healthy individuals: a randomized controlled trial. Cardiovasc Ther. 2014 Aug 32(4): 163-9.

Sauder KA, West SG, McCrea CE, Campbell JM, Jenkins AL, Jenkins DJ, Kendall CW. Test-retest reliability of peripheral arterial tonometry in the metabolic syndrome. Diab Vasc Dis Res. 2014 May;11(3):201-7.

Chiu S, Sievenpiper JL, de Souza RJ, Cozma AI, Mirrahimi A, Carleton AJ, Ha V, Di Buono M, Jenkins AL, Leiter LA, Wolever TM, Don-Wauchope AC, Beyene J, Kendall CW, Jenkins DJ. Effect of fructose on markers of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD): a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled feeding trials. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2014 Apr;68(4):416-23

Kendall CW, West SG, Augustin LS, Esfahani A, Vidgen E, Bashyam B, Sauder KA, Campbell J, Chiavaroli L, Jenkins AL, Jenkins DJ. Acute effects of pistachio consumption on glucose and insulin, satiety hormones and endothelial function in the metabolic syndrome. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2014 Mar;68(3):370-5.

Wang D, Sievenpiper JL, de Souza RJ, Cozma AI, Chiavaroli L, Ha V, Mirrahimi A, Carleton AJ, Di Buono M, Jenkins AL, Leiter LA, Wolever TM, Beyene J, Kendall CW, Jenkins DJ. Effect of fructose on postprandial triglycerides: a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled feeding trials. Atherosclerosis. 2014 Jan;232(1):125-33.

Ho H, Lee AS, Jovanovski E, Jenkins AL, DeSouza R, Vuksan V. Effect of whole and ground Salba seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) on postprandial glycemia in healthy volunteers: a randomized controlled, dose response trial. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2013 Jul;67(7):786-8.

Cozma AI, Sievenpiper JL, de Souza RJ, Chiavaroli L, Ha V, Wang DD, Mirrahimi A, Yu ME, Carleton AJ, Di Buono M, Jenkins AL, Leiter LA, Wolever TM, Beyene J, Kendall CW, Jenkins DJ. Effect of fructose on glycemic control in diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled feeding trials. Diabetes Care 2012 Jul; 35(7): 1611-20.

Wang DD, Sievenpiper JL, de Souza RJ, Chiavaroli L, Ha V, Cozma AI, Mirrahimi A, Yu ME, Carleton AJ, Di Buono M, Jenkins AL, Leiter LA, Wolever TM, Beyene J, Kendall CW, Jenkins DJ. The effects of fructose intake on serum uric acid vary among controlled dietary trials. J Nutr 2012 May;142(5):916-23.

Ha V, Sievenpiper JL, de Souza RJ, Chiavaroli L, Wang DD, Cozma AI, Mirrahimi A, Yu ME, Carleton AJ, Dibuono M, Jenkins AL, Leiter LA, Wolever TM, Beyene J, Kendall CW, Jenkins DJ. Effect of fructose on blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled feeding trials. Hypertension. 2012 Apr;59(4):787-95.

Sievenpiper JL, de Souza RJ, Mirrahimi A, Yu ME, Carleton AJ, Beyene J, Chiavaroli L, Di Buono M, Jenkins AL, Leiter LA, Wolever TM, Kendall CW, Jenkins DJ. Effect of fructose on body weight in controlled feeding trials: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Intern Med 2012 Feb 21;156(4):291-304.

Sievenpiper JL, Chiavaroli L, de Souza RJ, Mirrahimi A, Cozma AI, Ha V, Wang DD, Yu ME, Carleton AJ, Beyene J, Di Buono M, Jenkins AL, Leiter LA, Wolever TM, Kendall CW, Jenkins DJ. 'Catalytic' doses of fructose may benefit glycaemic control without harming cardiometabolic risk factors: a small meta-analysis of randomised controlled feeding trials. Br J Nutr. 2012 Aug 108(3): 418-23.

Rahelic D, Jenkins A, Bozikov V, Pavic E, Juric K, Fairgrieve C, Romic D, Kokic S, Vuksan V. Glycemic Index in Diabetes. Coll Antropol 2011, 35: 1363-1368.

Jovanovski E, Jenkins A, Dias AG, Peeva V, Sievenpiper J, Arnason JT, Rahelic D, Josse RG, Vuksan V. Effects of korean red ginseng and its isolated ginsenosides and polysaccharides on arterial stiffness in healthy individuals. Am J Hypertens. 2010; 23(5): 469-472.

Vuksan V, Jenkins AL, Dias AG, Lee AS, Jovanovski E, Rogovik AL, Hanna A. Reduction in postprandial glucose excursion and prolongation of satiety: possible explanation of the long-term effects of whole grain Salba. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2010 Apr 64(4): 436-8.

Vuksan V, Panahi, S, Lyon M, Rogovik A, Jenkins AL, Leiter LA. Viscosity of Fiber Preloads Affects Food Intake in Adolescents. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis, 2009 Sep; 19(7): 498-503.

Vuksan V, Sung M, Sievenpiper JL, Stavro PM, Jenkins AL, Di Buono M, Lee K, Leiter L, Nam KY, Arnason JT, Choi M, Naeem A.  Korean red ginseng (Panax ginseng) improves glucose and insulin regulation in well-controlled, type 2 diabetes: Results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of efficacy and safety.  Nutrition, Metabolism & Cardiovascular Diseases 2008; 18: 46-56.

Vuksan V, Whitham D, Sievenpiper JL, Jenkins AL, Rogovik AL, Bazinet RP, Vidgen E, Hanna A. Supplementation of Conventional Therapy with the Novel Grain Salba (Salvia hispanica L.) Improves Major and Emerging Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Type 2 Diabetes: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial. Diabetes Care. 2007;30(11):2804-10.

Dascalu A, Sievenpiper JL, Jenkins AL, Stavro MP, Leiter L, Arnason JT, Vuksan V. Five batches representative of Ontario-grown American ginseng root (Panax quinquefolius L.) produce comparable reductions of postprandial glycemia in healthy individuals. Can J Physiol Pharmacol 2007, 85(9):856-64.

Jenkins AL, Jenkins DJA, Zdravkovic U, Wursch P, Vuksan V. Depression of the glycemic index by high levels of beta glucan fiber in two functional foods tested in type 2 diabetes. Eur J Clin Nutr 56: 622-628, 2002.

Vuksan V, Stavro MP, Sievenpiper JL, Koo VYY, Wong E, Beljan-Zdravkovic U, Francis T, Jenkins AL, Leiter L, Josse RG, Xu Z. American ginseng improves glycemia in individuals with normal glucose tolerance: Effect of dose and time escalation. Am J Coll Nutr 2000, 73: 753-8.

Wolever TMS, Katzman-Relle L, Jenkins AL, Vuksan V, Josse RG, Jenkins DJA. Glycemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes. Nutr Res 1994;14:651-69.

Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Vuksan V, Jenkins AL, Wong GS, Josse RG. Beneficial effect of low-glycemic index diet in overweight NIDDM subjects. Diabetes Care 1992;15:562-564.

Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Vuksan V, Jenkins AL, Buckley GC, Wong GS, Josse RG. Beneficial effect of low-glycemic index diet in type 2 diabetes. Diab Med 1992;9:451-8.

Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Jenkins AL, Josse RG. The glycemic index: methodology and clinical implications. Am J Clin Nutr 1991;54:846-54.


Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Vuksan V, Brighenti F, Cunnane SC, Rao AV, Jenkins AL, Buckley G, Patten R, Singer W, Corey P, Josse RG. Nibbling versus gorging: metabolic advantages of increased meal frequency. N Eng J Med 1989;321:929-934.

Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Buckley G, Lam KY, Giudici S, Kalmusky J, Jenkins AL, Patten RL, Bird J, Wong GS, Josse RG. Low glycemic-index starchy foods in the diabetic diet. Am J Clin Nutr 1988;48:248-54.

Jenkins AL, Jenkins DJA, Ferrari F, Collier G, Rao AV, Samuels S, Jones JD, Wong GS, Josse RG. Effect of mustard seed fiber on carbohydrate tolerance. J Clin Nutr Gastroenterol 1987;2:81-86.

Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, Giordano C, Giudici S, Thompson LU, Kalmusky J, Josse RG, Wong GS. Low glycemic response to traditionally processed wheat and rye products: bulgur and pumpernickel bread. Am J Clin Nutr 1986:43;516-20.

Jenkins AL, Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Collier GR, Rao AV, Samuels S, Stewart J. Lange WE. Comparison of gelatin and starch coated guar formulations on the postprandial blood glucose response. J Clin Nutr Gastroenterol 1986;1:279-83.

Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, Josse RG, Wong GS. The glycaemic response to carbohydrate foods. Lancet 1984;2(8399):388-91.

Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, Thorne MJ, Lee R, Kalmusky J, Reichert R, Wong OS. The glycaemic index of foods tested in diabetic patients: A new basis for carbohydrate exchange favouring the use of legumes. Diabetologia 1983;24:257-264.

Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, Barker HM, Fielden H, Baldwin JM, Bowling AC, Newman HC, Jenkins AL, Goff DV. Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange. Am J Clin Nutr 1981;34:362-366.

SELECTED REVIEWS AND CHAPTERS:

Jenkins AL. The Glycemic Index: Looking Back 25 Years. Cereal Foods World. 52 (2), 51-52, 2007.

Jenkins DJA, Kendall CW, Marchie A, Jenkins AL, Augustine LSA, Ludwig DS, Barnard ND, Anderson JW. Type 2 diabetes and the vegetarian diet. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003, 78(3 Suppl):610S-616S.

Jenkins DJ, Kendall CW, Augustin LS, Franceschi S, Hamidi M, Marchie A, Jenkins AL, Axelsen M. Glycemic index: overview of implications in health and disease. Am J Clin Nutr 76: 266S-73S, 2002.

Jenkins AL. Diet and Hypertension: Is there a new dietary prescription? Can J Diab 26: 347, 2002

Jenkins AL, Jenkins DJA, Vuksan V. Effect of dietary fiber on plasma lipoproteins. In: Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition (Ed: Spiller GA). CRC Press Inc, Boca Raton, FL, pp 401-422, 2001.

Vuksan V, Sievenpiper JL, Xu Z, Beljan-Zdravkovic U, Jenkins AL, Arnason JT, Bateman RM, Leiter LA, Josse RG, Francis T, Stavro MP. Ginseng and Diabetes: A new way to use an old medicine. Can J Diab Care 25; suppl 2, 111-120, 2001.

Jenkins AL, Jenkins DJA. Food and the gut. MEDICINE North America (Gastroenterol), September 1994;508-16.

Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL. Starchy foods and the glycemic index. Diabetes Care 1988;11:149-59.

Jenkins DJA, Rainey-Macdonald GA, Jenkins AL. Dietary fibre and the elderly. In: WHO Publication: Nutrition in the Elderly. Ed. Horwitz A. World Health Organization. 1988.

Jenkins DJA, Jenkins AL. The glycemic index, fiber, and the dietary treatment of hypertriglyceridemia and diabetes. J Am Coll Nutr 1987;6:11-17.

Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, Thompson LU, Rao V, Francis T. The glycemic index: blood glucose response to foods. In: Dietary Fibre, Basic and Clinical Aspects. Eds. Vahouny G, Kritchevsky D. Plenum Press, New York, 1986, pp. 167-179.

Jenkins AL, Jenkins DJA. The glycemic index. Diabetes Care and Education News 1984;7:1-2.

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publication Janice Campbell, MSc

SELECTED RESEARCH ARTICLES

Kendall CW, West SG, Augustin LS, Esfahani A, Vidgen E, Bashyam B, Sauder KA, Campbell J, Chiavaroli L, Jenkins AL, Jenkins DJ. Acute effects of pistachio consumption on glucose and insulin, satiety hormones and endothelial function in the metabolic syndrome. Eur J Clin Nutr 2014 [Epub ahead of print].

Petersen, BL, Ward LS, Bastian ED, Jenkins AL, Campbell J, Vuksan V. A whey protein supplement decreases post-prandial glycemia. Nutr J 2009; 8:47-52.

Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, Vuksan V, Campbell J. The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects.  Eur J Clin Nutr 2009;63:1106-14.

Wolever TM, Campbell JE, Geleva D, Anderson GH. High-fiber cereal reduces postprandial insulin responses in hyperinsulinemic but not normoinsulinemic subjects. Diabetes Care. 2004 June;27(6):1281-5.
http://care.diabetesjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/27/6/1281

Campbell JE, Glowczewski T, Wolever TMS. Controlling subjects' prior diet and activities does not reduce within-subject variation of postprandial glycemic responses to foods. Nutr Res 2003;23:621-29.
http://www.nrjournal.com/article/S0271-5317(03)00017-4/abstract

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publication Atarah Grysman, MSc

SELECTED RESEARCH ARTICLES

Grysman A, Wolever TMS, Carlson T.  Effects of sucromalt on postprandial responses in humans.  Eur J Clin Nutr 2008;62:1364-71.

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publication Adish Ezatagha, MSc

SELECTED RESEARCH ARTICLES

Panahi S, Ezatagha A, Temelli F, Vasanthan T, Vuksan V., β-glucan from two sources of oat concentrates affect postprandial glycemia in relation to the level of viscosity. J Am Coll Nutr. 2007 Dec; 26(6):639-44.

Sievenpiper JL, Ezatagha A, Dascalu A, Vuksan V. When a placebo is not a 'placebo': a placebo effect on postprandial glycaemia. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2007 Oct; 64 (4):546-9.

 

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publication Laura Chiavaroli, MSc

SELECTED RESEARCH ARTICLES

Chiavaroli L, Mirrahimi A, Sievenpiper JL, Jenkins DJ, Darling PB. Dietary fiber effects in chronic kidney disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled feeding trials. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2015 Jul;69(7):761-8.

Jenkins DJ, Kendall CW, Vuksan V, Faulkner D, Augustin LS, Mitchell S, Ireland C, Srichaikul K, Mirrahimi A, Chiavaroli L, Blanco Mejia S, Nishi S, Sahye-Pudaruth S, Patel D, Bashyam B, Vidgen E, de Souza RJ, Sievenpiper JL, Coveney J, Josse RG, Leiter LA. Effect of lowering the glycemic load with canola oil on glycemic control and cardiovascular risk factors: a randomized controlled trial. Diabetes Care. 2014 Jul;37(7):1806-14.

Jayalath VH, de Souza RJ, Sievenpiper JL, Ha V, Chiavaroli L, Mirrahimi A, Di Buono M, Bernstein AM, Leiter LA, Kris-Etherton PM, Vuksan V, Beyene J, Kendall CW, Jenkins DJ. Effect of dietary pulses on blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled feeding trials. Am J Hypertens. 2014 Jan;27(1):56-64.

Labonté MÈ, Jenkins DJ, Lewis GF, Chiavaroli L, Wong JM, Kendall CW, Hogue JC, Couture P, Lamarche B. Adding MUFA to a dietary portfolio of cholesterol-lowering foods reduces apoAI fractional catabolic rate in subjects with dyslipidaemia. Br J Nutr. 2013 Aug 28;110(3):426-36.

Wang DD, Sievenpiper JL, de Souza RJ, Chiavaroli L, Ha V, Cozma AI, Mirrahimi A, Yu ME, Carleton AJ, Di Buono M, Jenkins AL, Leiter LA, Wolever TM, Beyene J, Kendall CW, Jenkins DJ. The Effects of Fructose Intake on Serum Uric Acid Vary among Controlled Dietary Trials. J Nutr. 2012 May;142(5):916-23.

Sievenpiper JL, Chiavaroli L, de Souza RJ, Mirrahimi A, Cozma AI, Ha V, Wang DD, Yu ME, Carleton AJ, Beyene J, Di Buono M, Jenkins AL, Leiter LA, Wolever TM, Kendall CW, Jenkins DJ. 'Catalytic' doses of fructose may benefit glycaemic control without harming cardiometabolic risk factors: a small meta-analysis of randomised controlled feeding trials. Br J Nutr. 2012 Feb 21:1-6. [Epub ahead of print]

Sievenpiper JL, de Souza RJ, Mirrahimi A, Yu ME, Carleton AJ, Beyene J, Chiavaroli L, Di Buono M, Jenkins AL, Leiter LA, Wolever TM, Kendall CW, Jenkins DJ. Effect of fructose on body weight in controlled feeding trials: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Intern Med. 2012 Feb 21;156(4):291-304.

Ha V, Sievenpiper JL, de Souza RJ, Chiavaroli L, Wang DD, Cozma AI, Mirrahimi A, Yu ME, Carleton AJ, Dibuono M, Jenkins AL, Leiter LA, Wolever TM, Beyene J, Kendall CW, Jenkins DJ. Effect of fructose on blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled feeding trials. Hypertension. 2012 Apr;59(4):787-95. Epub 2012 Feb 13.

Jenkins DJ, Srichaikul K, Mirrahimi A, Chiavaroli L, Kendall CW. Functional foods to increase the efficacy of diet in lowering serum cholesterol. Can J Cardiol. 2011 Jul-Aug;27(4):397-400.

Jenkins DJ, Chiavaroli L, Wong JM, Kendall C, Lewis GF, Vidgen E, Connelly PW, Leiter LA, Josse RG, Lamarche B. Adding monounsaturated fatty acids to a dietary portfolio of cholesterol-lowering foods in hypercholesterolemia. CMAJ. 2010 Dec 14;182(18):1961-7.

 

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